Connective Tissue Function
Connective tissue is an essential organ and as such has many functions and capabilities.
â€¢ Connective tissue is the vehicle of the unconscious and undifferentiated body functions.
â€¢ Connective tissue regulates energy processes and has primary control of the physiochemical and bioelectrical activities of the body.
â€¢ Connective tissue regulates a host of vital bodily functions such as temperature, water, mineral and energy balance, including glycolysis and respiration.
â€¢ Connective tissue forms the basis of the system of general and unspecific defense regulation, and along with its fibres represents a mechanical barrier to bacteria.
â€¢ Connective tissue serves as the physiologic reservoir of the human body for all essential nutrients.
Protein, carbohydrates and water are stored in the connective tissue as well as fat cells which contain fat not yet transformed into energy.
Water occurs in two different forms in the body:
1. As active hydrodynamic, available water
2. As inactive stored water.
The first form serves as a means of transport in the circulatory and lymph system as well as in connective tissue. It functions as a reactive partner and a solvent in the metabolic processes of cells and tissues.
Stored water (2) on the other hand is used to determine the volume of a molecule which is not a compact, but rather a diffuse, externally open molecule that extends over a large volume.
Evolution has cleverly placed its central reservoir for all essential nutrients, in the most imaginably convenient spot in the body, the connective tissue.
In this way the connective tissue fulfils two functions.
â€¢ Firstly, it is a hydro culture in which all cells of the body are suspended and nourished.
â€¢ Secondly, it is the ubiquitous reservoir for all the nutrients of the entire organism.
In this way every body cell can withdraw any nutrient from the tissue fluid in which it is bathed. If a nutrient deficiency occurs, every cell can at any time draw nutrients out of the connective tissue reservoir without any delay due to long transport routes.
The connective tissue is indeed another organ of the body, meaning the life quality of the cells is dependent upon the environment.
This view is logical due to the presence of nerve fibres in the soft connective tissue which represent the termination of the autonomic nerves. The axons of these nerves are able to release transmitter substances directly into the connective tissue, thereby exerting a regulatory effect.
A further characteristic of connective tissue is its ability to regenerate, for example, the formation of scars.
Connective tissue has another important function as a defense system against life threatening invasions from foreign cells such as bacteria. Connective tissue fibres represent a protective barrier that detains invading cells until the defense cells can do their work