Study abilities include perception, attention, thinking and memory. All four abilities can vary greatly in their levels and qualities depending on each individual’s preferences. For example, one person is able to perceive much information quickly and clearly but he is not enough calm and patient to listen to all information for some time; thus, he lacks attention and is not able to study well although his perception ability is good. The best way to master study process effectively is to have all the four abilities balanced and well-developed. Here we shall speak about development of one of the study abilities memory.
Memory plays the core role while comprehending new information, preparing for exams and learning the information previously given at lessons. Thus, memory should be developed from the very young age. In order to start memory development techniques it is necessary to define which kind of memorizing a person has. There two types and each of them appeals to different brain hemispheres: logical memory applies left hemisphere and symbolic memory applies right hemisphere. It is very easy to identify which memory you have: if it is easier for you to remember while hearing the sounds than watching/reading silently the words you have a symbolic memory and vice versa.
People with logical memory can develop it while reading as much as possible. Parents of the children with logical memory should inculcate in them a taste for reading from the very childhood. Here bed reading for children would be very useful to interest children in learning to read. Parents should keep their children’s interest in reading process which shall not be less than 30 minutes a day. Children should know that the more they read the better memory they get.
People with symbolic memory often succeed in associated memorizing. Associations are very popular technique for memory development. Associations have been developed by recent studies into three types used for teaching: pictures, sounds and movements. All three types can be effectively used for different age groups. Children as well as adults find associations memorizing attractive, interesting and effective. There are also techniques which combine associations types, for example pictures demonstrating new information can be followed by sounds; or sounds associating new phenomena can be combined with movements. Often such combinations are much more effective than one type use can be.
Whether a child has logical or symbolic memory both types can be successfully developed with a child’s efforts and his/her parents and teachers help.